Murphy will be given the prize at the annual International Emmy Awards Gala on November 19 in New York City.
The writer is being honoured for his work on Glee, American Horror Story and the new sitcom The New Normal.
Bruce L Paisner, president of the International Academy of Television Arts and Sciences, said of the honour: "Throughout his career, Ryan Murphy has masterfully redefined storytelling to create unprecedented atmospheres and characters that celebrate human difference, be it dark, as in Nip/Tuck, or hopeful, as in Glee. We are looking forward to recognising his creative accomplishments."
Murphy began his career as a journalist, but ultimately transitioned into television writing with the 1999 series Popular.
Steven Spielberg, Sir David Frost and American Idol producer Nigel Lythgoe have won the Emmy Founders Award in previous years.